Introducing JavaScript

JavaScript has changed a great deal since it was first introduced but many sites still use outdated techniques. There are even lots of JavaScript tutorials on the web that show you how JavaScript should be written so that it can work in Netscape 2 rather than so that it will work in modern browsers. As a result there are many people who are writing what they think is JavaScript but where what they are producing is more suited to the 20th Century than to the 21st.

Beginners should work through all the basic examples prior to moving on to the other examples which cover separate aspects of JavaScript in more detail.

Most of the JavaScript examples here will work in IE5+ (provided you use a deprecated MIME type - otherwise IE9 through 11 only), Opera7+ and all versions of Firefox, Safari, Vivaldi and Chrome. Those commands introduced in ECMAScript5.1 in 2011 have been added (if I have missed any please let me know). Those commands introduced in ECMAScript2015 and ECMAScript2016 are currently being added (there are lots of them for 2015 so it may take some time but then most current browsers do not yet support them all anyway). Where these new commands are not supported by IE8 that information is included in the text - just in case you still have lots of people using that long unsupported browser. So few people using other browsers fail to keep their browser up to date that lack of support in older versions of other browsers should not have any significant affect.

There is a link to jsBin at the bottom right of all the pages. This site provides an easy way to test your JavaScript code online without needing to create an entire web page to run a simple test.

Character Classes

A character class is a grouping of characters any one of which can validly appear at that spot in the text and match on that part of the regular expression. By grouping characters together into a character class we can specify the pattern in fewer characters than would be needed if we were to include […]

Meta Characters

There are fifteen characters that have a special meaning and which need to be escaped inside an expression where we want the character to have its regular meaning. These fifteen characters are collectively known as meta characters.

Start and End

Now that we have looked at a few of the things that can be done with regular expressions it is time to start looking at the meanings of the codes that can be used within the expressions themselves. The first two special characters we will look at are those which specifically match to the start […]

Splitting Matches

Regular expressions can also be used to split a piece of text into separate sections that are then inserted into an array. All of the content between each of the matches ends up in the array with the text that matched the expression being discarded.

Ignore Case and Global

There are a number of single characters that can be added to the end of a regular expression that affect how the expression is processed. The two most common are ignore case and global. By adding an ‘i’ after the closing slash of the expression we allow the matching to take place without any consideration […]

This site is © copyright Stephen Chapman - Felgall Pty Ltd 2011-2016.

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You are welcome to use any the example JavaScript from this site in the scripts for your site or any that you develop for others but may not use the longer example scripts that contain a copyright notice in any other way without permission.